RCT /Root canal treatment
RCT /Root canal treatment is the treatment of swollen and damaged roots(pulp). Teeth are made up of protective hard covering(enamel, dentin and cementum) and inside is a soft living tissue called pulp. Pulp chamber contains blood vessels, nerves, fibers and connective tissue. The pulp extends from almost the mid part of the crown of the tooth to the tip of the roots and it connects to the tissues surrounding the root. The pulp is important during a tooth’s growth. However, once a tooth is fully mature it can survive without the pulp, because the tissues around the tooth provides nutrition to it.
Do I need Rct / Root Canal Treatment?
HOW ROOTS(PULP) GET DAMAGED?
Damage to tooth roots can occur due to number of ways like tooth decay or gum diseases, accident or excessive pressure causing trauma to the tooth or occlusal trauma or any bone diseases etc.
WHY DO TOOTH HURT/PAIN?
When root becomes infected, it causes increased blood flow and more cellular activity, and pressure cannot be relieved from inside of the tooth. This causes pain. Pulp can even die without causing significant pain. Many a times pain occurs at night while sleeping.
Root canal/Rct procedure
Local anaesthetic is given to numb the area. After this a rubber dam is placed around the tooth to isolate it from saliva. Then the opening is made inside the tooth and very small sized endodontic files are used to clean the pulp from pulp chamber and root canals. After proper cleaning and shaping of root canals, they are filled with rubber like material called gutta-percha and this will prevent the bacteria from entering this space again.After rct treatment, the doctor puts the crown or other restoration so as to restore the tooth to full function for chewing.
DO I NEED RCT?
Because tooth roots will not heal on its own, and the infection may spread around the tissues causing more destruction of bone and supporting tissues . And this may cause tooth to push out of the socket. Root canal treatment is done to save the damaged pulp. Proper cleaning and shaping of the root canal is done and then filling is done with gutta-percha (rubber like) material to prevent further damage of the tooth. And then the tooth is permanently restored with crown with or without post. Only alternative to rct is tooth removal. And in conclusion after tooth removal replacing the tooth will be more costly.
RISK AND COMPLICATION OF RCT
It has been seen that more than 98 percent cases of rct treatment are successful. However sometimes due to unnoticed canal malformations(deformities) or instrument fractures or long standing case of huge periapical abscess or uncontrolled bone loss around tooth or non restorable crown or due to periodontal problem probably a root canal therapy may fail.
COST OF RCT
If you compare the benefits of saving a tooth to the cost of rct then cost will be negligible. Here at Ganpati dental clinic we provide rct treatment service at rs 2000 only.